Instructions: Use this area to post information on actual projects in the field (here's an example). These may be research or pilot projects, or full-blown roll-outs to broad markets. To add a project, simply create a post (below). Copy the following bold headings into your post and fill in your project's info. You can come back any time and update the information. If you are just browsing and see data with which you disagree or have the ability to update, please communicate first with the Contact Person listed in the post before doing so.
The last step is to put a marker for your project on the Project Map. After navigating to the full version of the map, click "EDIT" to begin and then drag a place-marker to the location of your field project. Then click on the place-marker and add any summary info you'd like into the popup window. To close the loop, be sure to include a link from the marker text back to your post (here) so people can learn more if they initially find your project via the map. Hint: to get the exact URL to your map location, while you're viewing the text panel that goes with your place-marker, click on the "Send" option.
Evan - thanks for this case study, very informative. I suppose its worth noting that since is India, the Rs.90/month for kerosene is the government subsidized price, and the total societal financial cost (household plus government) is even higher.
Those costs can run, but they cannot hide!
Why Off-Grid Lighting?
An estimated 800 million people in Asia are without access to energy, of which 400 million people are in India of which 94 percent are in rural areas. Another 420 million people in India face significant under-electrification. This population relies on fuels such as charcoal, firewood, kerosene, paraffin, candles and throw-away torches with disposable batteries. Fuel-based lighting is expensive, inefficient, hazardous, and contributes to green house gas emission. Poor quality light also hinders the development of small enterprises and impedes learning in schools and homes.
India spends an estimated $2.2 billion annually on kerosene for lighting. This represents a vast, largely untapped opportunity for the off-grid lighting sector. There are opportunities to meet the needs of this off-grid population with renewable energy based solutions like solar lighting appliances and renewable energy mini-grids. These alternatives offer better, cleaner, safer light, and in addition, the mini-grids and lanterns’ lifecycle costs can be lower than other fuel alternatives especially for the people at the base of the pyramid.
India’s Off-Grid Lighting Sector
Improving energy infrastructure is a priority for the Indian government. There are existing policy efforts to tackle this challenge of energy access, notably India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy's (MNRE) rural electrification programs. The MNRE has a vision of providing 20 million households with solar lighting by 2022. The MNRE is implementing this through several initiatives that drive demand and ensure the supply of off-grid lighting solutions to address this challenge. It has also mobilized the state level agencies, local institutions as well as non- governmental and village level organizations for the implementation.
Challenges in the sector remain significant and the market needs to facilitate access to energy and light, through both government lead programs and the private sector. There is a scarcity of commercially successful business models for rural off-grid lighting. Suppliers of private off-grid energy face challenges including estimating the market size, planning loads, identifying sites, assessing consumer ability and willingness to pay, all of which makes business planning to attract financing difficult. In addition, a key market barrier is the inability of consumers and financial institutions to distinguish between good and poor quality products.
Lighting Asia/India Program
In the context of IFC’s strategy to promote clean growth in the country, IFC has launched the Lighting Asia Program, of which the first focus country is India. The program will leverage existing initiatives to help catalyze private off-grid lighting market in India. It will help the value chain that covers commercial supply and demand opportunities, i.e., manufacturing, distribution, supply chain management and access to finance. It will draw on the existing Lighting Africa program of the World Bank Group.
The program will help address market barriers to a private sector led scale up relevant to lighting and to renewable energy distributed mini-grids. In India, the program will work to increase access to energy and provide better lighting to two million people . The program will work with the private sector to make cleaner, safer and less costly alternative lighting options available to those with limited or no access to the grid.
What does Lighting Asia/ India program do?
The Lighting Asia program will work in the following areas to enable energy access
Lighting Asia/India has already tied up with a number of partners for achieving it's clean energy objectives. These partners include manafactuters of solar products (solar appliances and micro/mini grids), technology partners and testing labs. Currently it's partners include
Hi - fantastic study, but I had trouble with the document download on the Lighting Africa website. I found the report posted here: http://intellecap.com/sites/default/files/publications/Updated%20Fi... I sent a comment to Lighting Africa support so hope it'll be fixed soon. This is excellent research and should be widely disseminated.
Thanks, micheal, glad you found the report useful . Will also take it up with support to fix this problem .Cheers
Project Name: Nuwara Eliya - Lake foot path lighted with LED street lamp project.
Location:Nuwara Eliya / Sri Lanka /
Contact Person: Mr.Chameera Dinatth, Environment Consultant/ email@example.com
Sponsors: Gaia Solutions(pvt)ltd.
Number and type(s) of lighting systems deployed:LED roadway lamps
Nuwara Eliya is a city, in the hill country of the Central Province, Sri Lanka. The city name meaning is "city on the plain (table land)" or "city of light". The city is the administrative capital of Nuwara Eliya District, with a picturesque landscape and temperate climate. It is located at an altitude of 1,868 m (6,128 ft) and is considered to be the most important location for Tea production in Sri Lanka. The city is overlooked by Pidurutalagala, the tallest mountain in Sri Lanka.
Gregory Lake was build under the period of British Governor Sir William Gregory in 1873. This is the most prominent attraction in Nuwara Eliya and all the vistors used to come here and spent some time by the lake and relax. This was used as a place for water sports and for re-recreational activities during the British time. Graory lake gets crowded during the April tourist season.
With the recent face upliftment in Nuwara eliya area, many recreation facilities introduced around the Gregory lake area. You can buy a ticket and visit the Lake park and enjoy your evening by the lake. If you like to have a boat ride, there are several people offer that service. If you like to ride your own, there are two sweater Swan Boats for hire. Kids may like to have a pony ride.
GAIA tries to make a cleaner greener energy for better tomorrow..........
This is an ongoing project being undertaken by the International Organisation for Migration and some NGO's to distribute solar lamps to refugees in Pakistan. The lights are funded by the aid arms of governments that are signatories to the IoM charter.
The lights are distributed in various Provinces in Pakistan.
Project name: Charging Stations in Africa and India
Dates: ADPP Mozambique was founded in 1982
Location (town/city/country & Map Link): Changalane (Maputo Province) and Quissanga (Cabo Delgado Province) in Mozambique and Andhra Pradesh in India
Contact person: Dr. CV Rao of Prakruthi Power, email for ADPP: firstname.lastname@example.org
Organizations involved: Prakruthi Power (Global Telelinks), ADPP Mozambique, NATCO Trust
Number and type(s) of lighting systems deployed: 74 solar charging systems each equipped with 60 solar lanterns (Mozambique), bicycle mobile chargers (India)
Project description and results: ADPP Mozambique sees energy access as one of the main elements they can use to help eradicate poverty and increase human development. When providing people in off-grid living situations with energy services the two key things to consider are affordability and accessibility.
The number of mobile devices in off-grid regions of Africa and India have increased greatly. Mobile devices can help farmers immensely, giving them access to information on weather forecasts and the availability of seeds and fertilizers. They are used so much that people are willing to travel up to 3km every couple of days to spend 2-3 hours somewhere where they can charge their phones. This costs someone nearly half a US dollar on charging and commuting each time.
ADPP Mozambique has teamed up with Prakruthi Power to come up with alternate, less expensive solutions. One solution they came up with was to set up a solar charging station, a room whee lanterns and mobile phones are directly charged from two charging devices, each with 20 ports and powered by a mono-crystalline panel installed on the roof. They set up two stations in Changalane (Maputo Province) and Quissanga (Cabo Delgado Province) in the Republic of Mozambique and taught locals how to, who then set up 72 more on their own.
A fully charged lantern gives 10-40 hours of light, so lantern owners only have to return to the charging stations after 2-3 days, where they spend a small fee for each charging. This program has significantly impacted people in these communities, saving them time and money on phone charging, and giving them reliable lighting for studying, cooking, and activities such as sewing and basket making.
Prakruthi Power also collaborated with NATCO Trust to create a program for solar entrepreneurship in Andhra Pradesh, India. 40% of India's urban and rural population suffer from 4-12 hour power cuts. To counter act this Prakruthi Power has created a range of LED and lithium-Ion combination based lights that can be charged by stand-alone charging systems.
These stand-alone charging systems were given to young solar entrepreneurs who carry the panel and USB cords on their bikes, then go from village to village charging people's mobile devices and lanterns. Around 50 devices, phones and lanterns, can be charged this way each day, and the entrepreneur can earn between $2.50 and $4.50 US dollars.
Prakruthi Power is now working on solutions for solar laptop and kindle charging, as well as empowering schools with solar power.
Project name: Light Up the World Sri Lanka
Dates: April 2003
Location (town/city/country & Map Link): Knuckles Range, Sri Lanka
Contact person:Dave Irvine-Halliday, president
Organizations involved: LUTW and University of Moratuwa
Sponsors: Arthur Child Foundation, Greystone Environmental Consulting, Don Perera
Number and type(s) of lighting systems deployed: LED Luxeon Lamps
Project description and results: In 2003, with help from the University of Moratuwa engineering students, Light Up the World succeeded in installing lights into two villages in the Knuckles Range of Sri Lanka. With each of LUTW's successes, demands for their services increase. After illuminating these first two villages in Sri Lanka , the community requested that they help the entire Knuckles Range, population 5,000.
Inhabitants of small villages scattered throughout the countryside, such as these, are the poorest of the poor in Sri Lanka and have little chance and next to no hope of linking their homes to the grid. Residents' incomes depend on farming plots of land where their harvests are small and vulnerable, bringing in between $350-500 USD a year. A large portion of that then goes to the annual costs of kerosene, wood, and candles, used to produce what little light they can.
This same amount of money is nearly equivalent to the one time cost of LUTW's LEDs. Not only are these LEDs ultimately less expensive and produce better light, they are healthier and safer for both their owners and the environment. Kerosene is highly inflammable, and overturned lamps cause death and disfiguring burns to thousands each year. According to Lawrence-Berkeley National Labs, “the single-greatest way to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions associated with lighting energy use in developing countries is to replace millions of kerosene lamps with white LED lighting systems.”
These lights allow for reading, studying, and working after dark, impacting people's social, economic, and physical lives. They improve the education of children, women, and the illiterate, and enhance income and gender equity.
LUTW and other off-grid lighting organizations, such as these that are a part of the LuminaNET community, have the power to change lives. Two Billion people around the world, in the Philippines, India, Afghanistan, the Galapagos Islands, Mexico, Sri Lanka, and even privileged America, live without light. Anyone who can go home and flip a switch as they walk through their door, can help, and it is said that those who can, must.
Links to other Documents: http://light.lbl.gov/library/lutw16dec2003.pdf